English-American socialist and anarchist Samuel Fielden.
He became a socialist after he immigrated to Chicago in 1869 and joined the International Working Man’s Association.
On May 3, 1886, he was speaking at Grief’s Hall in Chicago, which prosecutors later said was where the Haymarket riot defenders planned to commit violence the next day. He had no knowledge of the other meeting, however, since he was speaking to a different group.
Fielden agreed to speak at the Haymarket demonstration after the group called for additional speakers. His speech was interrupted by police, who ordered the meeting to disperse. When Fielden stepped down from the podium, someone threw a bomb, which exploded in the crowd. He was shot and wounded while fleeing the riot. He was arrested the next day and charged with conspiracy in the bombing.
He was sentenced to death along with six other defendants, but his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment after he wrote Illinois governor Richard James Oglesby and asked for clemency. After spending six years in prison, he was finally pardoned.
Feb. 25, 1847 - Feb. 7, 1922.